We evaluated the muscular disability of 295 patients affected by the adult form of myotonic dystrophy (DM) and living in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region (Quebec, Canada). The patients are known to have a common ancestral couple, and a homogeneous DM mutation is presumed. Using a five-point muscular disability rating scale (MDRS), we confirmed, in each age group, the wide expressivity of the muscular involvement usually observed in DM. Based on the duration of the disease and the MDRS, we also found a great variation in the rate of disease progression. There were no significant relationships between the rate of disease progression and the sex of the patient, the sex of the affected parent, or the age at onset of the disease. Furthermore, there was an absence of association between the age at onset and the sex of the patient or the sex of the affected parent. The variable severity of the muscular involvement, and the absence of relationship between age at onset and rate of disease progression, suggest a multiallelic influence at the DM locus or at other loci.
Pour consulter l’article: 10.1212/wnl.42.1.203